Visit the Botanical Gardens, a perfect primer for the wild landscape in which you'll soon be immersed. Stroll the grounds with a local environmental specialist, who will explain both the ecology and wildlife of the country, including its most beautiful and noteworthy avians: the Birds of Paradise and the Cassowary, a large, flightless bird.
Visit Loloata Island, a short drive plus boat ride from the capital. The island boasts beautiful hiking trails through hills and along the coastline, as well as some pristine sites for scuba diving. Stay overnight at the Loloata Island Resort in a bungalow over the water; in the morning, go diving and see an array of gorgeous coral and aquatic life, as well as impressive sunken wrecks from World War II.
Visit Varirata National Park, located outside Port Moresby, and near the famed Kokoda Track, a 60 mile (97 kilometer) hiking trail through the verdant mountains near Port Moresby. Hike along the park’s many trails and catch a glimpse of the country’s bird population in its natural habitat, as well as a distant view of the port and coastline in the distance.